what is fever? | Wellnisa

What Is Fever?

With winters knocking on the door, it’s the time of the year when feeling under the weather becomes somewhat of a daily event. Waking up with a sore throat, a slightly runny nose. the subsequent thing you recognize is that your body temperature is rising, making your body feel extremely miserable.

Fevers aren’t always bad, they are often beneficial, Fevers are natural mechanisms that strengthen the body’s immune system in fighting off bacterial and viral infections. In some cases, fevers impair the growth of bacteria and inhibit viral replication, giving the system better odds at fighting off infection.

There are many mysteries around fever, but what we know is that most mammals, some birds, invertebrate and even plant species feel fever’s heat. it’s existed for over 600 million years of evolution. For each 1 degree Centigrade of temperature increase within the body, there’s a 12.5 % increase in energy required, which is equivalent to bout 20 minutes of jogging. So, the question arises, why does the body produce a fever?

Reason for fever

Immune cells that are fighting against infection can induce fever by triggering a biochemical cascade that ultimately instructs your hypothalamus to raise your baseline temperature. Your body then starts to make to satisfy its new “set point”. Until it reaches this new temperature, you will feel comparatively cool and tired, which is why are possibly experience chills.

Upon exposure to raised internal temperatures, some of the cells will start releasing heat shock proteins, or HSPs (A family of molecules produced in response to stressful conditions). These proteins aid lymphocytes, one among several types of white blood cells that fight pathogens, to travel quicker to infection sites.

HSPs do that by enhancing the “stickiness” of lymphocytes, enabling them to stick to and squeeze through vessel walls so that they can reach the areas where the infection is raging. In the case of viral infections, HSPs help nearby cells to dampen their protein production, which cut down their ability to duplicate. This prevents the virus’s spread because they depend upon their host’s replicative machinery to breed.

It also protects surrounding cells from damage since some viruses spread by rupturing their host cells, which may cause large-scale destruction, the build-up of detritus, and potentially even organ damage. the power of HSPs to guard host cells and enhance immune activity can limit the pathogen’s path of destruction inside the body.

Prescribed drugs for fever

By now you will be aware of fever’s role in immune activation, some clinical trials have shown that fever suppressor drugs don’t worsen symptoms or recovery rates. this is often why there’s no definitive rule on whether to suppress a fever or let it ride. Doctors choose or recommend medication on a case-by-case basis. The fever’s duration and intensity, also as their patient’s immune status, comfort level, and age, will all play a task in their choice of treatments.

As the body itself is trying to fight against the foreign objects enter your body, the best way to support the immune system is giving time and space and not giving more load to your body. We recommend being on pre-digested food like fruits, vegetables so that body doesn’t need to work for digestion and will help the body to get enough nutrients, vitamins required to fight for the disease and keep body alkaline.

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